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Talking Points:

  • NZD/USD[1] overnight implied volatility is at an extreme nine-month high of about 19 percent
  • The Fed and RBNZ monetary policy announcements will occur within 2 hours of each other
  • On a daily chart, NZD/USD has been falling as expected after a bearish reversal pattern

Join our webinar for live coverage of the FOMC rate decision[2] and its impact on the New Zealand Dollar[3]

New Zealand Dollar overnight implied volatility are at extreme levels, especially when looking at NZD/USD. This means that the markets are pricing in intense price action over the next 24 hours.

The one-day (1D) reading is at 18.99% which is not only the highest of the majors but also the most since June 2017. That is a nine-month high. In addition, the one week (1W) measurement is also the largest among the majors. Two catalysts likely explain why the markets seem on watch.

Implied Volatility and Market Range for the FX Majors

Extreme NZD/USD Volatility Expected as Fed and RBNZ Meetings Loom

Later in the day, we will get March’s FOMC[4] monetary policy announcement at 18:00 GMT and just thirty minutes later is the Jerome Powell news conference. What will make this particular meeting peculiar is policymakers’ forward guidance. This is because back in February, Mr. Powell hinted the possibility of a fourth rate hike by the end of the year[5]. If the central bank echoes his outlook, the New Zealand Dollar could fall as it loses its appeal from a yield perspective relative to the US Dollar[6].

Speaking of yields, just two hours after the Fed rate decision is the Reserve Bank of New Zealand’s turn. Throughout most of the first quarter, markets’ expectations of an RBNZ rate hike by the end of the year have been falling from almost 80% certainty to just a hair above 30% confidence. During this time, both the New Zealand CPI and GDP report for the fourth quarter missed expectations.

In February the central bank reiterated that it is in no rush to raise rates[7]. Given that Adrian Orr will become the new governor effective on March 27th and that the RBNZ will add targeting full employment to their mandate, it seems that they may continue reiterating their patience on rates as it goes through a regime change. So with that in mind, the central bank could disappoint some of the remaining near-term hawkish bets. In that case, the New Zealand Dollar could be at risk.

NZD/USD Technical Analysis: Trying to Push Lower

On a daily chart, NZD/USD has been declining as expected[8] after the formation of a dark cloud cover technical pattern. However, there are some obstacles ahead if it does want to keep falling.

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